UIJRT » United International Journal for Research & Technology

The Enduring Influence of St. Augustine in Western Philosophy

Anthony R. Etuk

Total Views / Downloads: 61 

Cite ➜

Etuk, A.R., 2021. The Enduring Influence of St. Augustine in Western Philosophy. United International Journal for Research & Technology (UIJRT), 2(3), pp.49-56.


Far beyond the Medieval antiquity of his time. St. Augustine remains a towering figure with an enduring relevance in western philosophy history. With his ideas leveraging most Modern and Contemporary philosophical systems, his significance in western philosophical thought cannot be over-emphasized. To enunciate this with evidential supports, this Paper reviews some of Augustine’s thoughts that have remained influential in western philosophy. The paper adopts the descriptive and analytic research method.

Keywords: Medieval, Divine Illumination, Privation, Time, Just War


  1. Aquinas, T. (1948). Summa Theologica. Fathers of English Dominican Province. New York: Benzinger Brothers.
  2. (1987). Enchiridion. Trans. J. F. Shaw. Buffalo: Christian Literature Company.
    1. (2000). Contra Academicos. Trans. Mary Garvey. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.
    2. (2004). Confessions of St. Augustine. Trans. Trans. Hal Helms. Mumbai: St. Pauls,
    3. (2003). City of God. Trans. Henry Bettenson. New York: Penguin Books.
    4. (1964). On Free Choice of the Will. Trans. Anna S. Benjamin and L. H. Hackstaff. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
    5. (2000). Soliloquies. Trans. Barbara Wall. London: New City Press.
    6. (1948). De Libero Arbitrio. Trans. J. P. Migne, and Garnier Fratres. Retrieved from
    7. https://www.ecommons.luc.edu.
  3. Azimi, S., Mohsen N. and Rasoul V. (2013). Concept of Time From St. Augustine’s Viewpoint. Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 3 (9), 360-369.
  4. Barba, D. (2002). Memory, Consciousness and Temporality. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  5. Chadwick, H. (1907). Augustine: Avery Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  6. Chisholm, R. (1966). Theory of Knowledge. Englewood-Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
  7. Clark, M., Aaron C. and Mark D. (1963). Augustine on Justice. In Teresa D., John D. and Kim
  8. (Eds). Augustine and Social Justice. 9 (1-2), 87-94. Retrieved from https://www.loot.co.za
  9. Clifford, W. (2012). Lectures and Essays. (vol. 2). Leslie S. and Frederick P. (Eds.). Cambrigde: Cambridge University Press.
  10. Copleston, F. (1962). A History of Philosophy. (vol. 2). New York: Doubleday.
  11. Dawson, C. (1930). Augustine and His Age: A Monumant to Saint Augustine. London: Sheed and Ward. Retrieved from www.jstor.org.
  12. Deane, H. (1956). The Political and Social Ideas of St. Augustine. New York: Columbia University Press.
  13. Evans, C. and Manis, R. (2009). Philosophy of Religion. (2nd ). Illinois: IVP academic.
  14. Fortin, E. (1987). St. Augustine. In Leo S. and Joseph C. (Eds.). History of Political Philosophy
  15. (3rd, pp. 151-181). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  16. Forrest, P. (1997). The Epistemology of Religion. In Edward Zalta (Ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2017 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2017/entries/religion-epistemology/).pg
  17. Gallie, W. (1978). Kant on Perpetual Peace: Philosophers of Peace and War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  18. Gratsch, E. (2008). Aquinas’ Summa: An Introduction and Interpretation. Bangalore: Theological Publications.
  19. Guthrie, C. and Michael Q. (2007). Just War. The Just War Tradition: Ethics in
  20. Modern Warfare. London: Bloomsbury.
  21. Haack, S. (1993). Evidence and Inquiry: Towards Reconstruction in Epistemology. Oxford: Blackwell.
  22. Hernandez, W. (2016). St. Augustine on Time. International Journal of Humanities and Social
  23. 6 (6), 37-40. Retrieved from www.ijhssnet.com.
  24. Hemmerle, K. (2004). Evil. In Karl Rahner (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Theology. (pp.470-475). Mumbai: St. Pauls Publishers.
  25. Locke, J. (1999). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Ed. Alexander Campbell. Oxford: Claredon.
  26. Kant, I. (1983). Critique of Practical Reason. Trans. Thomas Abbot. London: Green and Co.
    1. (2002). Critique of Practical Reason. Trans. Werner Pluhar. Cambridge: Hackett Publishing co., p. 5).
    2. (2002). Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. Trans. Allen Wood. London: Yale University Press,
    3. (1978). Lectures on Philosophical Theology. Trans. Allen Wood and Gertrude Clark. London: Cornell University Press.
    4. (2009). Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason, Trans. Werner Pluhar. Cambridge: Hackett Publishers.
  27. Knowles, A. and Pachomious P. (2004). Augustine and His World. Chicago: Intervarsity Press.
  28. Mabbott, J. (1967). The State and the Citizen. London: Hutchinson Publishers.
  29. Machiavelli, N. (1999). The Prince. George Bull. London: Penguin Classics.
  30. Mambrol, (2018). The Philosophy of St Augustine. In John Shand. (Ed.). An Introduction
  31. to Western Philosophy. New York: Routledge.
  32. Manning, L., Daniel C., and Jean C. (2013). St. Augustine’s Reflections on Memory and Time and the Current Concept of Subjective of Subjective Time in Mental Time Travel. Behavoural Sciences 3(2), 232-243. Retrieved from https://www.mdpi.com.
  33. Mattox, J. (2012). Augustine: Political and Social Philosophy. In Internet Encyclopedia of
  34. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/aug.poso.
  35. Mattox, J. (2006). Saint Augustine and the Theory of Just War. New York: Continuum.
  36. Mbat, Jerome. (2011). “Kant’s Project of Perpetual Peace”. Integrative Humanism Journal. 1 (1), 140-151.
  37. Mobbott, J. (1970). The State and the Citizen. London: Hutchinson University Press.
  38. Mojtahedi, K. (2000). Philosophy in Middle Ages. Tehran: AmaKabir Publications.
  39. Nyberg, L., Kim A., Habib R., Levine B., and Tulving E. (2010). Consciousness of Subjective Time in the Brain. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 107 (51), 22356-22359. Retrieved from https://www.pnas.org.
  40. Omoergbe, Joseph. (1999). A Simplified History of Western Philosophy: Modern Philosophy. Lagos: Joja Educational Research and Publishers.
    1. (2001). Knowing Philosophy. Lagos: Joja Educational Research and Publishers.
  41. Onuche, J. (2020). Analysis of Justice in St. Augustine’s Political Philosophy and Nigerian
  42. Political System. International Journal of Education and Human Developments. 6 (2), 46-58.
  43. Plantinga, A. and Nicholas W. (Eds.). (1983). Reason and Belief in God. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame.
    1. (2000). Warranted Christian Belief. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  44. Portalie, E. (1967). Life of St. Augustine of Hippo. In Catholic Encyclopedia. ( 2.).
  45. New York: Robert Appleton Co.
  46. Stumpf, S. (1989). Philosophy: History and Problems. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  47. Tornau, C. (2019). Saint Augustine. In Edward Zalta (Ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of
  48. Philosophy (Summer, 2020 Edition). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archieves.
  49. Weithman, P. (2006), Cambridge Companion Online. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from https://.www.nternationalpoliticaltheory.blogspot.com.

For Conference & Paper Publication​

UIJRT Publication - International Journal