This study compiled the soil profile type in the nine municipalities of the second congressional district in the province of Sorsogon, Philippines. The soil profile types are parameters for seismic response coefficient used in the determination of design base shear in seismic analysis of buildings. Standard Penetration Test (SPT) results obtained from Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Sorsogon Second District Engineering Office (DEO) subsoil exploration file were used to estimates these parameters. A total of 564 boreholes were analyzed and computed the average field standard penetration resistance N prior to assigning soil profile type based on the categorization procedure set forth in National Structural Code of Philippines (NSCP). Based on the result of the study, it was found out that in several locations in the Sorsogon second district, soil profile type varies. Different soil profile type is scattered all throughout in each municipality. Areas that have stiff soil profile have tuff, coralline or boulders underlying materials. Thus the use of coring on this area in advancing borehole for geotechnical investigation is recommended. Also, soil showing soft profile type must have established comprehensive geotechnical analysis in order to attain proper geotechnical characteristics. Furthermore, for proper evaluation of the soil profile type and other geotechnical parameters, SPT should be done for at least 30 m depth as suggested in the National Structural Code of the Philippines. This study can provide engineers with a reference guide in estimating the soil profile type within the second congressional district in the province of Sorsogon. Also, this study may provide preliminary data in conducting specific sub-surface exploration in any place in the municipality of Sorsogon second district.
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The study aimed to identify the production practices, harvesting methods and harvesting problems encountered by farmers in San Antonio, Nueva Ecija. The descriptive method of research was used to describe the production practices and harvesting operations in terms of seed preference, preferred fertilizer, water source, planting operation, harvesting operation, sources of credit as well as the harvesting problems in terms of insect pests and diseases, low production, low price of Palay, and lack of post-harvest facilities. Results show that farmers preferred to use inbred seeds and inorganic fertilizer. Many of their rice fields are irrigated, coming from NIA. and more than half of the respondents are transplanting their crops. Furthermore, most of them use laborers in harvesting their crops, and almost all farmers depend on private individuals for credit. Also, the respondents often encountered problems which include insect pests and diseases, low production due to high cost of input and insufficient capital, and low price of Palay. In addition, many farmers agree that there are essential benefits of using modern technology in farming. It is recommended that farmers use the hybrid seeds as their input in planting their crops to increase their production and make use of machines in harvesting their crops to lessen their expenses and get credit to agricultural banks instead of private individuals avoiding higher interest rates.
The study aimed to determine the prioritization of improvement areas of the public elementary schools in Bacon District for the school year 2020-2021. The study used the descriptive survey method since a questionnaire was devised in gathering the primary data as reflected in the problem. There were 108 respondents from the Bacon District who were selected using purposive sampling. The statistical tools utilized were frequency, weighted mean, and ranking. It was revealed that the priority improvement areas are maintaining a 100% attendance of pupils along with access, decreasing the number of pupils who are non-numerates along with quality, and increasing the awareness and involvement of the stakeholders in the school programs and projects along with governance. The areas of decreasing the number of severely wasted and wasted pupils and maintain a zero drop-out rate came out strategically important, urgent, and high in magnitude while the area of decreasing the number of children with below 90% attendance emerged as feasible. However, the area of increasing the achievement rate and strengthening the instructional supervision was found slightly feasible. Consequently, increasing the stakeholders’ participation and involvement was strategically important and improvement and upgrading of school The most challenges addressed by the prioritization of improvement areas are poverty, teachers need to attend training, coaching, and mentoring, and inadequate number f instructional and reading materials were high in magnitude. Recommendations were given to make the prioritization of improvement areas better.
SKM (Community Satisfaction Survey) conducted at the Puskesmas Bintaro Village, Pesanggrahan District is useful for measuring the level of satisfaction and service improvement. Puskesmas as a public service agency, it is necessary to develop IKM (Community Satisfaction Index) as a benchmark for public service performance. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the implementation of SKM was still carried out and did not become an obstacle. The research, which was conducted at Puskesmas Bintaro Village, was a descriptive research, quantitative method with measurements using a Likert scale. The sampling technique used was simple random sampling and a sample of 100 respondents was obtained. The questionnaire used is a community satisfaction index questionnaire according to the Regulation of the Minister for Empowerment of State Apparatus and Bureaucratic Reform Number 14 of 2017. In this study, the majority of respondents were women as many as 61%, high school education graduates as much as 58%, age 15-49 years as many as 70%. Overall, of the nine service elements, the IKM value is 93,018. This shows that the IKM at the Puskesmas Bintaro Village in 2020 is categorized as Service Quality A. The service element that is not good is the result of service time, implementing competence, facilities and infrastructure, handling complaints and suggestions, implementing behavior, service requirements, system mechanisms and procedures. The results of this study can be used as a driving force for each health center to improve the quality of its services.
The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge of the respondents about fake news. Also, to determine how they distinguish the facts from fake news and the relationship of their socio-demographic profile to their knowledge about fake news. A descriptive research design and purposive sampling were used. A questionnaire was utilized to collect data which was composed of the profile, questions regarding their knowledge about fake news, their perception on how they distinguish fact from fake news and their source of knowledge. Permission to conduct and informed consent was obtained. Data were analyzed using various statistical tools. The majority of the respondents had good knowledge about fake news. They agree with all the statements regarding how they distinguish fact from fake and their main source of knowledge of fake news is social media. The relationship between their general average to their knowledge and how they distinguish fact from fake was significant. Therefore, an information dissemination campaign against fake news should be done to inform those vulnerable groups especially the young people on how to easily identify the fact from the fake.
Mathematics learning is well understood to be the process that must be considered at every level of education through a very comprehensive manner. Looking through, there are three interconnected elements in mathematics learning: teachers, students and materials/contents that generate the outcome of this learning. This study sought to investigate the learning content in fractions that transcend from elementary to secondary level. It utilized the traditions of a descriptive phenomenological research approach using pure qualitative data to give answers to the prevailing research questions. The learning contents in fraction transcend from elementary to secondary level following the framework of the CPA Approach with the sequence, namely: 1) Concrete and action-based representation using manipulative skills; 2) Pictorial representations of concrete objects; and 3) Abstract Notations using Mathematical Symbols. The learning contents in fraction scaffold using strategies, namely: 1) conduct of diagnostic assessment among learners; 2) review of learner’s previous knowledge; 3) use of real, touchable, manipulative and concrete objects; 3) Peer support or tutorial approach learning; 4) learner-made learning materials; 5) contextualizing and localizing learning modules; and 6) providing learning support facilities. The learning contents in fraction transcend from elementary to secondary level according to the framework and principles of CPA Approach. There are varied strategies that teachers use to scaffold the learning content in fraction that transcend from elementary to secondary level. Elementary and Secondary teachers may become attentive and observant about the principles of their teaching to ensure that different empirical approaches such as the CPA Approach may appropriately and accordingly apply in their instructional practices especially when teaching fraction to fulfil the needed skills of learners in preparation to the next level of learning contents in fraction and other mathematical concepts. Varied and purposeful scaffolding strategies provided in the proposed handbook may be utilized to apply CPA in teaching fraction. The proposed teacher’s handbook entitled Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract Approach (CPA Approach) to Teach Fraction & Other Mathematical Concepts – A Teacher’s Handbook may be utilize to enhance the teaching skills of mathematics teachers in elementary and secondary. Action research along the utilization of CPA Approach as intervention may be conducted.
The investigation was on green proficiency accounting and yields of the oil and gas consortiums: Nigeria’s outlooks. The survey explicitly measured the effect of oil emission cost, oil waste controlling cost and gas diffusion cost on the return on equity nominated oil consortiums in Nigeria. The study embraced the ex-post facto design and obtained data from the yearbooks of the carefully chosen consortiums. The pane method was useful in valuing the studies constraints and strictures. Outcomes from the pane regression valuation indicated that oil emission cost has adverse and substantial influence on the profit after tax of oil consortiums in the upstream subdivision; gas spreading cost has a negative and irrelevant influence on the profit after tax of oil consortiums in the upstream sector and oil waste management cost has a negative and irrelevant effect on the profit after tax of oil consortiums in the upstream sector. Based on these findings, the study recommended that oil and gas consortiums should develop an anti-spillage strategy to enhance the prevention and/or timely detection of oil spillage to reduce the allocated cost for spillage relate activities and so enhance profitability and return on assets. Also, oil consortiums should formulate policies to reduce gas flaring through adequate inspection and monitoring of exploration activities to reduce the allocated cost for gas flaring and lastly, adequate controlling of oil waste should be energized and encouraged to congeal the petroleum products and augment profitability and the causative power of the assets of the oil consortiums in Nigeria.
This study investigated the effect of Graphic Advance Organizer on Motivation and Academic Achievement of Senior Secondary School Economics students in Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria. A total of 167 students selected from two Secondary Schools in Gashua Metropolis were involved as the sample from a population of 1002 students from ten secondary schools. The two schools selected were found to be academically equivalent. One of the schools served as control group (N=78) and the other served as the experimental group (N=89) which were exposed to Lecture and Graphic Advance-Organizers methods for period of eight weeks. Pretest, posttest, quasi experimental control group design was adapted. Two Research Instruments were developed by the researcher, validated and used for data collected namely: Economics Motivation Questionnaire (EMQ) with a reliability coefficient of 0.88 and Economics Achievement Test (EAT) with a reliability coefficient of 0.86. Four research questions and eight hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The four research questions were answered using descriptive statistic that is mean and standard deviation, while eight hypotheses were analyzed using t-test for dependent and independent sample and ANCOVA at p ≤ 0.05 significant levels. The major findings from the study revealed that students taught Economics Concept using Graphic Advance-Organizer had high learning, motivation ability and were significantly better in their academic Achievement as compared to those taught using lecture method: and that the use of Graphic Advanced Organizer is gender-friendly. Recommendations made from the findings of the study were that secondary school teachers should be trained and retrained to use Graphic Advance Organizer in order to enhance and boost students’ learning, motivation level and academic achievement in Economics concepts.
The study examined the impact of monetary policy and its lag on economic growth in United Kingdom, United States of America and Nigeria from 1986 to 2016. The comparative study used Gross domestic Product as the dependent variable and also used monetary policy rate, inflation rate, interest rate, money supply and exchange rate as independent variables. The study used the Generalized Method of Moments to examine the effect of lag, Auto Regressive Distributed Lag modeling approach for long run analysis coupled with the Engle Granger causality test to reveal the direction of causality. Hence, it was revealed that monetary policy lag has a negative effect on economic growth in the three countries. Also, monetary policy was found to exert an insignificant effect on economic growth in the United Kingdom and United State of America while monetary policy was found to exert a significant effect on economic growth in Nigeria through the channel of money supply. Meanwhile, the causality test revealed that economic growth causes monetary policy in USA and Nigeria while both phenomena dictate each other’s tune in the UK. Hence, it was recommended that policy makers should focus on reducing the existence of lags in the economy while monetary policy should not just be seen as a mere tool to display the tyranny of monetary authorities in Nigeria but should be adopted an effective tool of response to put the economy on track after a careful observation of the economy has shown that it is straying away from set targets and goals while the monetary policy should not be aggressively used as the market force mechanisms should be allowed to determine prices and phenomena within the economy. Also, monetary authorities should make use of money supply in sharply correcting the economy in Nigeria in case of any perceived deviation from set targets as this channel will bring about a substantial effect within the economy without so much delay to ensure that Nigeria catches up with other industrialized economy of the world.
This research looked at entrepreneurship, agricultural value chain and exports in Nigeria. Questionnaire and focus group discussion/interview were used to gather data for the study. Descriptive methods of analysis were used. The results of the data analysis and interpretation revealed that entrepreneurship contributes significantly to agricultural innovation and value-added production in Nigeria. It is also noted that the prospects include the ability to increase employment opportunities, increase agricultural exports, the potential for increased foreign earnings, and the ability to improve citizens’ living standards. High levels of corruption, insufficient infrastructure, a lack of innovation, a poorly developed agricultural research system, and a lack of capital are among the major challenges. As a result, the study recommends, among other things, that entrepreneurship be encouraged in agriculture by eliminating the above challenges and bottlenecks.