UIJRT » United International Journal for Research & Technology

Onsite Proper Solid Waste Handling Practices and Associated Factors Among Condominium Residents in Debre-Markos Town, East Gojjam Zone, North West Ethiopia: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study

Mulugeta Bantigegn, Achenef Motbainor and Teferi Mekonnon
Keywords: Solid waste, proper waste handling practice, waste storage, reuse, condominium residents.

Cite ➜

Bantigegn, M., Motbainor, A. and Mekonnon, T., 2020. Onsite Proper Solid Waste Handling Practices and Associated Factors Among Condominium Residents in Debre-Markos Town, East Gojjam Zone, North West Ethiopia: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study. United International Journal for Research & Technology (UIJRT), 1(6), pp.01-11.

Abstract

Background: Solid waste handling is defined as the separation, collection, storing, reducing, reusing or recycling and preparing for disposal of solid waste materials so as to reduce their effect on human health, environment and aesthetics. The government of Ethiopia constructed many condominium houses as a solution for the high need of residential houses to urban dwellers. However, waste handling and management practices have not given consideration and emphasis for the condominium houses.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the onsite proper solid waste handling practices and determine the associated factors among condominium residents in Debre Markos town, Amhara region, 2018.

Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Debre-Markos town. A total of 343 households were selected by simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using interviewer administered structured questionnaire developed after reviewing different literature. The questionnaire was pre-tested on 5% of the total prior to the actual data collection time in other town. The reliability of questionnaire was assessed by Cronbach’s alpha and found to be good (α=0.80). Data were collected by nurses and environmental health professionals from March 22nd to 28th/2018. Completeness and consistency of data were checked on daily basis. Data were coded, entered and cleaned using Epi-info and exported to SPSS version 23 for further analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed to determine the significant association between independent and dependent variables. Binary logistic regression was run to identify candidate variables for multivariate logistic regression. Those variables with a p-value <0.25 in the binary logistic regression were entered in to multivariate analyses to control confounders and check the significant association between independent and dependent variables. Significant association was set at a p-value < 0.05.The model fitness was checked by using Hosmer and Lemeshow goodness of fit test.

Results: All the 343 households, with 100% response rate, gave complete responses. The mean (± SD) age of participants was 31 (±6.8) years. Proper solid waste handling practices of the participants in condominium was 23.9%. The main daily generated solid waste was food residue that accounts 37.3%.  Almost ten percent (9.3%) of the households separated the waste at the source and 6.4% reused it. Residents who have low participation on solid waste campaign (AOR=2.11, 95% CI: 1.05-4.45), using single solid waste storage material (AOR= 5.34, 95% CI: 2.78-10.2), stored solid waste in plastic type of storage (AOR: 3.02, 95% CI= 1.61-5.64), residents’ perceptions on lack of policy enforcement and responsibility (AOR: 2.16, 95% CI; 1.18-3.94) and households’ with <3,000 Ethiopian birr monthly income (AOR=3.48, 95% CI: 1.65-7.60) were significantly associated factors with onsite proper handling practices.

Conclusions: Condominium residents’ onsite solid waste handling practice found to be poor. Households’ participation on solid waste management campaign, availability and communication of enforcement policies of solid waste handling practices to the residents need to be focusing area of proper solid waste handling practices.

References

  1. Leton T O. (2004). Definition, operations in the Niger delta region of Nigeria, (Eng. Geol 73): pages 171-177.
  2. IW, and Designing an Economic Instrument for Sustainable Solid Waste Management in the Household Sector, 2014.
  3. Seng B, Kaneko, H., Hirayama, K., Katayama-Hirayama, K. Municipal solid waste management in Phnom Penh, capital city of Cambodia. Waste Management & Research. 2010:491-500.
  4. Mgimba C SA. (2016). Municipal Solid  Waste  Composition Characterization  for  Sustainable  Management Systems  in  Mbeya  City, Tanzania. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology;   vol-5:pages (47-58).
  5. Jessica McAllister USU. (2015). Factors influencing solid-waste Management in the developing world.
  6. Al-Khatib; (2015). Public perception of hazardousness caused by current trends of municipal solid waste management; vol-36: pages (323-330).
  7. Kabbashi NA. (2016). A review of Solid Waste Management in Africa.
  8. Muzenda E BM, Mollagee M,  Motampane  N,  Ntuli  (2011). Eflecting on  Waste  Management  Strategies  for  South  Africa; vol-2 (World Congr Eng Comput Sci): pages(19-21).
  9. (IPA. (2014). Prevalence of Work-Related Rhino-Conjunctivitis and Respiratory Symptoms Among Domestic Waste Collectors.
  10. Cheru S; (2011). Case Study of Household Solid Waste Management.
  11. Gedefaw M. (2015). Assessing the Current Status of Solid Waste Management of Gondar Town, Ethiopia.
  12. Cheru S. (2010). Case Study of Household Solid Waste Management in Arada-Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  13. Zebenay K. (2010). The challenges  of  solid waste  management  in  urban areas,  the  case  of Debre markos town  Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
  14. Federal Negarit Gazeta PN. (2007 E.C). Solid waste management proclamation 2007 E.C. Negarit Gazeta, 12th February, 2007 E.C.
  15. Abebe S. (2014). Assessment of the Liquid Waste Management Practice of Condominium Houses in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  16. Mesfin Assefa MM. (2017). Solid Waste Generation Rate and Characterization Study for Laga Tafo Laga Dadi Town, Oromia, Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy; Vol.5, No.6 (doi:10.11648/j.ijepp; 20170506.11): pages (84-93).
  17. Abdirizaq Eddle Ibrahim IY, Dr. Piyush Pandey, Dr. Ravindra Gaikwad. (2016). Analysis of integrated solid waste management systems and inadequate landfill disposal; vol-1 (issue-2).
  18. Al RKAae. (2012). Sustainable Solid Waste Management in India.
  19. (NBSC) NBoSoC, editor. (2015). China Statistical Yearbook. Beijing, China: China Statistics Press;.
  20. Abdirizaq Eddle Ibrahim. (2017). Effects of solid waste management in kitengela ward a case study of kajiado country.
  21. Abdirizaq Eddle Ibrahim IY, Dr. Piyush Pandey, Dr. Ravindra Gaikwad. (2016). Analysis of integrated solid waste management systems and inadequate landfill disposal; vol-1(issue-2).
  22. Yire; (2012). Analysis of integrated solid waste management systems and inadequate landfill disposal, [www.metrovancouver.org/…waste/Solid Waste Publications/Solid Waste Management].
  23. Tai J, Zhang, W. Che, Y., Feng, D. (2011). Municipal solid waste source-separated collection in China: a comparative analysis. Journal of Waste Management; vol-31:pp.(1673-1682).
  24. Suraiya Yasmin MIR. (2016). A review of Solid Waste Management Practice in Dhaka City, Bangladesh.
  25. Asmamaw Abera Kebede hwwboetudb. Household Solid Waste Generation Rate and Onsite Handling Practices in Debre Berhan Town, Ethiopia, (2016).
  26. Woldetsadik AA. (2016). Practices of Solid Waste Management by Municipality and Community in Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia: A Case of Adama City, Ethiopia.
  27. Endalu Lemma HT. (2014. Characterization and Disposal of Municipal Solid Waste, Case Study, Hosanna Town.
  28. Environment EFf, editor. (2010). Solid Waste Characterization & Quantification of Bahir Dar City; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  29. Zhujie Chu WW, Bairong Wang, and Jun Zhuang .(2016). Research on Factors Influencing Municipal Household Solid Waste Separate Collection: Bayesian Belief Networks, www.mdpi.com, journal, sustainability; vol-8, p152.
  30. Moore, editor. (2012). Country solid waste management plan. USA: Golder Associates.
  31. O’Connell EJ. (2011). Increasing Public Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Reduction, Sustainability Education Prescott College Aspen, Colorado.
  32. A-Keahddjj. (2010.) Solid waste characterization, quantification and management practices in developing countries. A case study: Nablus district-Palestine; pages (1131–1138).
  33. Nissim I, ShoIsraelhat, T., Inbar, Y. (2015). From dumping to sanitary land fills – Solid waste management in Israel. Journal of Waste Management; vol-25: pp.(323-327).
  34. Marshall (2013). Household Solid Waste Generation in Urban Pakistan: A Case Study of Rawalpindi.
  35. Zurbrügg C, Drescher, S., Rytz I., Sinha M., Enayetullah I. (2015). Decentralized composting in Bangladesh, a win-win situation for all stakeholders. Resources, Conservation and Recycling; vol-43: pages (281-292).
  36. Mahmood Zohoori AG. (2017). International Journal of Science and Engineering Applications. Municipal Solid Waste Management Challenges and Problems for Cities in Low-Income and Developing Countries; Vol-6 (Issue 02): ISSN-2319-7560 (Online)
  37. Asefa Abahumna Woldetsadik (2017). Practices of Solid Waste Management by Municipality and Community in Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia: a Case of Adama City.
  38. Suraiya Yasmin. MIR. a review of Solid Waste Management Practice in Dhaka City, Bangladesh, 2016.
  39. Census (2007 E.C); Population and housing census of Ethiopia.
  40. Construction MoUDa, editor. (2012). Solid Waste Management Manual: With Respect to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Urban Plans, Sanitary Landfill Sites and Solid Waste Management Planning
  41. Oxford dictionary 10th edition hiroaaavyip-h. (2010). Management; vol-12, issues-27): pages (228-241).
  42. https://www.google.com/search or www.mcswa.wordpress.com. (2014) proper solid waste management.
  43. Mamady AfK. (2015). A Cross-Sectional Study: Factors Influencing Attitude, Safety Behavior, and Knowledge regarding Household Waste Handling in Guinea.
  44. Assessment of Waste Management Practices among Residents of Owerri Municipal Imo  State Nigeria, Journal of Environmental Protection; (2015), vol-6, pp (446-456).
  45. Hewitt B, Baxter, J., Givans, S., Murphy, M., Myers, P. and Meiklejohn, C. (November-2010). Final Report on “Men’s Engagement in Shared Care and Domestic Work in Australia”. University of Queensland Office for Women, Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs. The Social Research Centre and the Institute for Social Science Research: pp-78.

For Conference & Paper Publication​

UIJRT Publication - International Journal