This study of Malaysia and ASEAN’s dilemma in dealing with asymmetrical threats in the South China Sea. Because the synergy between Malaysia and ASEAN has a vital meaning, which in this case is owned by the relevant country. The issue raised is the form of asymmetric threats in the South China Sea that are implemented and make an analysis of the effectiveness of such developments. In this study, we used analysis descriptive analysis. This analysis is used to explore and recognize more deeply the form of asymmetric threats in the South China Sea using synergy, national security, and early detection methods. The results of the descriptive-analytical analysis show that there is the development of economic, military, political, infrastructure, human resources, socialization, and cooperation with other stakeholders.