UIJRT » United International Journal for Research & Technology

The Role of Human Resources Management in Improving the Performance of Educators in Higher Education During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Total Views / Downloads: 331 

Cite ➜

Suharyanto, 2021. The Role of Human Resources Management in Improving the Performance of Educators in Higher Education During the Covid-19 Pandemic. United International Journal for Research & Technology (UIJRT), 3(2), pp.22-32.

Abstract

This study aims to describe the role of human resources management in improving the performance of educators in higher education during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study used the content analysis method. Content analysis is the technique that can be used by the researcher to study human behaviours indirectly through analysing their means of communication, such as textbooks, essays, newspapers, novels, magazine articles, songs, advertising images, and all types of communication that can be analysed. Based on the conducted study, it can be concluded: (1) college leaderships has strategic roles in developing human resources, (2) human resources empowerments contribute positively and significantly to the balance of homework and performance of employees during the Covid-19 pandemic, (3) educators are given with job autonomy that allows them to complete their work with their own methods so the outcome would be more effective, (4) leadership characteristics of human resources empowerment often involve employees in setting goals while give trust to educators to provide optimal performance, (5) in adopting the employee performance improvement of the Ministry of Finance, six measures need to be applied to assess the key performance indicators of educators in higher education, namely: (a) know the performance contract, (b) make worksheets regarding the calculation of realization, (c) make list of priorities, (d) establish communication with supervisors and work partners, (e) monitor the work progress, and (f) make points 1 to 5 into a culture. According to the research conclusion, it is recommended that: (1) future studies are expected to examine the mediation role or moderator in testing the effect of leadership roles on the balance of homework for educators in higher education, (2) support WFH in addition to infrastructure improvements in colleges, educators need to be improved on their digital literacy by involving them in IT-based training.

Keywords: human resources management, performance, educators, higher education.

References

  • Aamodt, M. G. (2007). Industrial/Organizational Psychology: An Applied Approach (5 ed.). Belmont: Thomson Wadsworth. Amundsen, Stein, dan Øyvind L. Martinsen. (2014). Empowering Leadership: Construct Clarification, Conceptualization, and Validation of A New Scale. The Leadership Quarterly 25 (3): 487–511.
  • Ahearne, M., Mathieu, J., & Rapp, A. (2005). To Empower or Not to EmpowerYour Sales Force? An Empirical Examination of the Influence of Leadership Empowerment Behavior on Customer Satisfaction and Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(5), 945–955. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.90.5.945
  • Amundsen, Stein, dan Øyvind L. Martinsen. (2014). “Empowering Leadership: Construct Clarification, Conceptualization, and Validation of A New Scale.” The Leadership Quarterly 25 (3): 487–511.
  • Aslam, S. (2020). Instagram by the Numbers: Stats, Demographics & Fun Facts. In Omnicore Agency.
  • Cascio, J. R., Maio, F. Di, Bianco, A., Ritondale, S., Cadei, L., Montini, M., Rinaldi, F., Zio, E., & Najafi, B. (2020). A hydrocarbon production system multi-objective optimization. International Petroleum Technology Conference 2020, IPTC 2020. https://doi.org/10.2523/iptc-20061-abstract
  • (2019). 74 Tahun RI Belum Merdeka dari Pengangguran & Kemiskinan. Https://Www.Cnbcindonesia.Com.
  • Cresswell, J. W., Plano-Clark, V. L., Gutmann, M. L., & Hanson, W. E. (2003). Advanced mixed methods research designs. Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social and Behavioral Research.
  • Dessler, G. (2015). Human Resources Management (Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia). In 14. Edisi Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Indeks.
  • Edy Sutrisno. (2012). Tantangan Sumber Daya Manusia. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia.
  • Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N. E. (2006). The Basic of Educational Research. In How to design and evaluate research in education with PowerWeb.
  • Handoko, T. H. (2011). Manajemen Personalia dan Sumber Daya Manusia. Pengantar Manajemen.
  • Ichsan Al-Basith. (2019). Kualifikasi dan Kompetensi Tenaga Kependidikan Butuh Ditingkatkan. Jakarta: Kemendikbud
  • Koopmans, L., Bernaards, C., Hildebrdant, V., Buuren, S.V., Van der Beek, A.J.dan De Vet,. C.W. (2012), “Development of an individual work performance questionnaire”, International Journal of Productivity dan Performance Management, Vol. 62 No. 1, pp. 6-28.
  • Kotler, P., & Armstrong, G. (2018). Principles of Marketing 17th Global Edition. In Pearson Education Limited.
  • Latifah, E., Agung, S., & Rinda, R. T. (2020). Pengaruh Motivasi dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadaap Kinerja Karyawan. Manager : Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen, 2(4). https://doi.org/10.32832/manager.v2i4.3811
  • Lee, Y., et al. (2008). Technology-Enhanced Homework Assignments to Facilitate Conceptual Understanding in Physics. Paper on ICCE 2008. [Online].
  • Tersedia: http://www.apsce.net/ICCE2008/papers/ICCE2008-paper83.pdf [2 Oktober 2021]
  • Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic injuiry. In Volume 75.
  • Maimako, L. B., & Bambale, A. J. (2016). Human Resource Management Practices and Employee Job Satisfaction in Kano State-Owned Universities: A Conceptual Model. Journal of Marketing and Management.
  • Manz, Charles.C dan Henry P.Sims, Jr. (2001). The New Super Leadership. San Francisco: Berret dan Koehler.
  • Marquardt, T., & Gruss, P. (2002). Generating neuronal diversity in the retina: One for nearly all. In Trends in Neurosciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-2236(00)02028-2
  • Moscatto, J. A., Borsato, D., Bona, E., De Oliveira, A. S., De Oliveira Hauly, M. C., Juliá Igual, J., Marí Vidal, S., Bergamin, A., Issaly, L. C., Ricotto, A., Bergamin, G., Serpa, M., Castillo, O., Barrio Hernández, D., Oliveira Ángel, M., Forero-Álvarez, J., Londoño Velez, L., Villegas, M. Á. V., Moreno, M. C. M., … Serrato, A. (2013). `. Estudios Gerenciales. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0123-5923(13)70015-9
  • Mulyadi, M., Sutrisno, S., Paeno, P., Harjianto, P., & Winata, H. (2020). Penyuluhan Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia untuk Pengembangan Karang Taruna Mekarsari Rumpin Bogor. Jurnal Pengabdian Dharma Laksana. https://doi.org/10.32493/j.pdl.v2i2.3984
  • Nitisusastro, M. (2009). Pengaruh Lingkungan Psikologis dan Sosial-Budaya Tertanggung Terhadap Kinerja Strategi Pemasaran Asuransi Kerugian. Fokus Ekonomi.
  • Nursobah, A., Dedih, U., Hafid, & Nurhamzah. (2020). Reformasi Birokrasi Nomor 19 Tahun 2020 tentang Penyesuaian Sistem Kerja Aparatur Sipil Negara dalam Upaya Pencegahan Penyebaran COVID-19 di Lingkungan Instansi Pemerintah bahwa seluruh instansi pemerintah harus bekerja dari rumah (Work from Home/WFH). Ha. UIN Sunan Gunung Djati.
  • PH, S. (2014). Politik Pendidikan Indonesia dalam Abad Ke-21. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v3i3.2377
  • Philipus, S. (2009). Analisis Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kinerja Karyawan pada PT. Bumakumawa di Kota Sorong. Jurnal Ekonomi. https://doi.org/ISSN :1693-0827
  • Puspitorini, F. (2020). Strategi Pembelajaran Di Perguruan Tinggi Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Kajian Ilmiah, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.31599/jki.v1i1.274
  • Rejeki, H. W., . R., & Subandowo, M. (2019). Membangun Tingkah Laku Asertif melalui Pengembangan Modul Teknik Soma untuk Mencegah Dan Mengatasi Bullying. Jurnal Education and Development. https://doi.org/10.37081/ED.V7I2.1007
  • RI, P. (2009). Undang-undang RI No 36 Tahun 2009 tentang Kesehatan. Financial Innovation. https://doi.org/10.1108/08858620810841498
  • Rumengan, Jemmy. 2013. Metodologi Penelitian. Cetakan Pertama. Bandung: Citapustaka Media Perintis.
  • Sharma, dkk (2015). Determinants of Psychological Well-being among Retirees.
    International Research Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 4(3), 19-26,
  • (2018). Pengaruh Komunikasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Dengan Dimediasi Oleh Kepuasan Ker/Ja. Jurnal Bisnis Dan Manajemen. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.5183.7283
  • Smith, S. S., Peters, R., & Caldwell, C. (2016). Creating a Culture of Engagement — Insights for Application. Business and Management Research. https://doi.org/10.5430/bmr.v5n2p70
  • Subandowo, A. M. (2017). Peradaban dan Produktivitas dalam Perspektif Bonus Demografi serta Generasi Y dan Z. SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial Dan Kemanusiaan.
  • Torang, Syamsir. 2013. Organisasi & Manajemen (Perilaku, Struktur, Budaya & Perubahan Organisasi). Cetakan Kesatu. Bandung: Alfabeta.
  • Tucker, R. B. (2005). Driving growth: Through innovation. In Gravure.
  • Verawaty, V., Ramdani, M. I., Laksmitawati, D. R., & Meidiawati, C. (2017). Analysis of Pharmaceutical Staffing Needs in the Pharmacy Installation of Grha Permata Ibu Hospital Depok 2016. Jurnal Manajemen Dan Pelayanan Farmasi (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice). https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.30124
  • Viswesvaran, C. dan Ones, D.S. (2000), “Perspectives on models of job performance”, International Journal of Selection dan Assessment, Vol. 8 4, pp. 216-226.
  • Wijaya, D. (2009). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Pendidikan Berbasis Kompetensi Guru dalam Rangka Membangun Keunggulan Bersaing Sekolah. Jurnal Pendidikan Penabur, 12(8), 69-86
  • Zhang, Xiaomeng, and Kathryn M. Bartol. (2010). Linking Empowering Leadership and Employee Creativity: The Influence of Psychological Empowerment, Intrinsic Motivation, and Creative Process Engagement. Academy of Management Journal 53 (1):107–128.

For Conference & Paper Publication​

UIJRT Publication - International Journal