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Competitiveness Indonesian Fisheries Export Commodity in the Era of Free Trade Agreement

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Hidayat, A., Razak, A.R., and Sabir, 2021. Competitiveness Indonesian Fisheries Export Commodity in the Era of Free Trade Agreement. United International Journal for Research & Technology (UIJRT), 2(12), pp.60-67.

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the competitiveness of export fishery commodities in Indonesia in the Free Trade Agreement era and compare the competitiveness of export fishery commodities Indonesia in the Free trade agreement era and the previous era. The research period is from 2001 until 2020. This study uses secondary data for export fishery commodity HS 03, which consists of data on 11 export destination countries that have entered into FTA agreements with Indonesia. Data sources are obtained from the UNDP Trade Map, the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), and the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP). The findings of this study indicate the competitiveness of export fishery commodities Indonesia shows a strong RCA value even though it has a decline in value after FTA and exports its dynamic product shows an increase from a retreat position to a lost opportunity position after FTA. With the position of lost opportunity, the strategic effort that can be done is to increase productivity and quality improvement.

Keywords: fisheries, competitiveness, export, FTA.

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