The purpose of this study is to perform an analysis of the character of the cognitive development stage of Primary school students aged 10 to 11 years. The characteristic of cognitive development of learners is the moral reasoning quality of learners or at which stage/moral cognitive level the learners are. This study is a descriptive study. It is said to be a descriptive study as it seeks to describe the characteristic of the moral cognitive development stage of the Primary school student. The sample of this study is students of Ketabang Surabaya Primary School in the fifth grade which amounted to 274 people from five elemantary schools in Surabaya. Statistical analysis techniques of the research data that were conducted are (1) average analysis, this analytical technique is used to obtain a description of students’ moral cognitive development trend judging from the average value. (2) Percentage analysis to describe Percentage of score frequency of moral development test that emerged. The results of this study further be used as a reference for the development of learning models that emphasize the moral cognition of learners in Primary school learning.