Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of Loitering Munition for Future Modern Warfare in Indonesian
The concept of the Internet of Military Things and the Internet of Battlefield Things is the idea that future military battles will be dominated by Artificial Intelligent & Cyber Warfare these battles will likely take place in urban environments. Looking at the threats and trends in technology development in the future, a weapon that is autonomous and precise is needed. Loitering Munitions, also known as suicide drones, are a type of hybrid weapon system, which can be combined between guided munitions and unmanned combat aerial systems (UCAS) which are one type of Autonomous Weapon. In the development process, the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of Loitering Munitions in Indonesia is currently very low. This is indicated by the main technology Loitering Munition has not been touched. This study aims to assess readiness in the development of the main technology of Loitering Munition. Technology Readiness Level (TRL) in Loitering Munition’s main technology including Guidance & Control and Seeker is still at TRL 2 which is still in the form of concepts and formulas. Warhead technology is still in TRL 3 because Fuze and Explosives still rely on imports from outside, but Case Warhead Indonesia has succeeded in producing it by itself and the Airframe structure is at TRL 7 where both of these technologies can adopt the Small UAV technology which has been developed by the National and Private Defense Industries and the Propulsions system including Battery & Motor is still at TRL 5.