UIJRT » United International Journal for Research & Technology

Slum Children: Barrier Faced by Children in Accessing Primary Education

Total Views / Downloads: 101 

Cite ➜

Tripathi, A., 2019. Slum Children: Barrier Faced by Children in Accessing Primary Education. United International Journal for Research & Technology (UIJRT), 1(2), pp.18-25.


Children are mostly recognised by the society as diamond gift from the God, as jewellers cleaves the diamond from other unwanted and rough pieces. In the same way, parents of the children cleave off unwanted thoughts, societal behaviour and environment from the life of the society so that brilliancy of children luminous in the world. The responsibility of parents as well as government of country is to make availability of healthy and friendly environment for the learning of the children. The slum children’s faces lots of barriers and hurdles in accessing and attaining the education. The education is the eminent phase of socialising the child. Education is a power to accelerate skills and talents among children. Education helps to transform the living conditions and thinking ability of children. The right to education is not only the right to access education but also the right to receive an education of good quality. Education must be available and accessible but also acceptable and adaptable.  The most of the slum children are indulging their precious time in doing labour, earning a coin, fighting daily from the challenges of life and wandering here a there for having a meal. The children are no doubt a tribute from Almighty but they should be preserve and nurture very sensitively in span of life. Urban children face a particularly complex set of challenges affecting their development and the fulfilment of their rights. The worst consequences of urbanisation, industrialisation and modernisation give birth to diverse group of children in urban areas like slum children, runaway children, working children, street children, orphan child. These children spend their precious time as rag picker, construction workers, factory workers, child beggars, migrant labourer, sex worker and domestic workers in swanky lifestyle of cities. These un-notified and homeless children are far from the reach of the policies of the government and even not noticed by the policy maker of the government. These children are deprived from their rights of survival, rights of protection, rights of development and rights of participation. These children even fight for their basic necessities of life.

Keywords: Marginalised Children, Education, Social Behaviour, Hurdels and Barriers.


  1. Aggarwal Y. P. and Chugh S. 2003. “Learning Achievement of Slum Children in Delhi”, Occasional Paper 34. New Delhi: National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration.
  2. Banerji, R. 2000. “Poverty and Primary Schooling: Field Studies from Mumbai and Delhi”, Economic and Political Weekly, 35 (10) pp. 795-802.
  3. Bharvaga, P. 2003. “The Threshold of Intergenerational Transfer of Poverty”, Paper for International Conference on Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development http://www.chronicpoverty.org/pdfs/2003conferencepapers/bhargava.pdf.
  4. Dyer, C. and Rose P. 2006. Chronic Poverty and Education: A Review of Literature, revised draft, Manchester: Chronic Poverty Research Centre, January 2006.
  5. Chakrabarty, V. 2002. “Education of Urban Disadvantaged Children”, in R. Govinda ed. Government of Delhi 2008.
  6. Economic Survey 2007/08, Delhi. Government of NCT of Delhi 2006. Delhi Human Development Report 2006: Partnership for Progress, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  7. Government of India 2003. Condition of Urban Slums 2002: Salient Features, NSS 58th Round (July 2002-December 2002), New Delhi: National Sample Survey Organisation.
  8. Status of Education and Vocational Training in India, NSS 61st Round (July 2004-June 2005), New Delhi: National Sample Survey Organisation.
  9. Annual Report 2007-08, Ministry of Human Resource Development, New Delhi.
  10. Govinda, R. ed. 2002. India Education Report, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  11. Gupta I. and Mitra A. 2002. “Rural Migrants and Labour Segmentation: Micro-Level Evidence from Delhi Slums”, Economic and Political Weekly, 37 (2), pp. 163-168.
  12. Haddad, L. Ruel M.T. and Barrett J. L. 1999. “Are Urban Poverty and Undernutrition Growing?: Some Newly Assembled Evidence”, World Development, 27 (11), pp. 1891-1904.
  13. Harper, C., Marcus R. and Moore, K. 2003. “Enduring Poverty and the Conditions of Childhood Life course and Intergenerational Poverty Transmissions”, World Development, 31(3), pp. 535-554. International Institute for Population Sciences, National Family Health Survey.

For Conference & Paper Publication​

UIJRT Publication - International Journal