UIJRT » United International Journal for Research & Technology

Readiness of Public Elementary School Teachers on Online Teaching

Fernandico G. Manalo and Noel G. Benavides

Total Views / Downloads: 132 

Cite ➜

Manalo, F.G. and Benavides, N.G., 2021. Readiness of Public Elementary School Teachers on Online Teaching. United International Journal for Research & Technology (UIJRT), 2(7), pp.123-132.

Abstract

In this study, the researcher assessed how ready the public-school elementary teachers are to teach online. It is measured by self-efficacy of public elementary teachers on online teaching in terms of capability to organize and capability to execute, readiness of public elementary teachers to teach online, and the challenges faced by the public elementary teachers on online teaching. This study used descriptive-survey research design since a questionnaire was utilized to gather the primary data from the respondents. The primary sources of data were the 248 public elementary teachers in Bulan District of SDO-Sorsogon. Unstructured interview was used for the validation of the responses of the teachers.

Keywords: Elementary, Online Teaching, Pandemic, Public School Teachers.

References

  1. Meaning of Readiness (2020). Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  2. Andal, E. Z., Panergayo, A. A. E., & Almanza, M. R. G. (2020). Exploring the Online Learning Self-efficacy of Teacher Education Students at the Laguna State Polytechnic University: Basis for Transition to Flexible Learning System. Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 8, No. 12, pp. 6598-6608.
  3. Brownstein, B., Brownstein, D., Gerlowski, D.(2008).Web-Based vs. Face-to-Face MBA Classes: A Comparative Assessment Study, Journal of College Teaching & Learning 5 (11) ,41-48.
  4. Carle, A. C. (2009). Evaluating College Students’ Evaluations of a Professor’s Teaching Effectiveness across Time and Instruction Mode (Online vs. Face-to-Face) Using a Multilevel Growth Modeling Approach. Computers & Education. 53(2), 429-435
  5. Chung, E., Noor, N. M., & Vloreen Nity Mathew. (2020). Are You Ready? An Assessment of Online Learning Readiness among University Students. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 9(1), 301–317.
  6. Compeau, D. R., & Higgins, C. A. (1995). Computer self-efficacy: development of a measure and initial test. MIS Quarterly, 19(2), 189–211
  7. Cragg, C. E., Dunning, J., & Ellis, J. (2008). Teacher and Student Behaviors in Face-to-Face and Online Courses: Dealing with Complex Concepts. Journal of Distance Education. 22(3), 115-128.
  8. Downing, J. J., & Dyment, J. E. (2013). Teacher educators’ readiness, preparation, and perceptions of preparing preservice teachers in a fully online environment: An exploratory study. The Teacher Educator, 48(2), 96–109.
  9. Education technology and Mobile Learning (2016). 9 fundamental digital skills for 21st century teachers. Accessed from https://www.educatorstechnology.
  10. Larson, D. K., and Sung, C.-H. (2009). Comparing Student Performance: Online versus Blended versus Face-to-Face. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks. 13(1), 31-42.
  11. Martin, F., Budhrani, K., & Wang, C. (2019). Examining faculty perception of their readiness to teach online. Online Learning, 23(3), 97-119. doi:10.24059/olj.v23i3.1555
  12. Rasouli, A., Rahbania, Z., & Mohammad, A. (2016). Students’ Readiness for E-learning Application in Higher Education. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology. 3 (4).
  13. Robosa, J, Paras, N. E., Perante, L., Alvez, T, & Tus, J. (2021). The Experiences and Challenges Faced of the Public School Teachers Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Phenomenological Study in the Philippines. International Journal Of Advance Research And Innovative Ideas In Education · 7(1), pp. 1342-1361.
  14. Singh D. & Stoloff, D. (2007). Effectiveness of Online Instruction: Perceptions of Pre-Service Teachers. International Journal of Technology, Knowledge & Society v2 n6 p121-124
  15. Tutty, J. I., & Klein, J. D. (2008). Computer-Mediated Instruction: A Comparison of Online and Face-to Face Collaboration. Educational Technology Research and Development. 56(2), 101-124.
  16. Williams, P. E. (2003). Roles and competencies for distance education programs in higher education institutions. The American Journal of Distance Education, 17(1), 45–57.
  17. Yazon A., Manaig, K., Buama, C. & Tesoro, J. Digital Literacy, Digital Competence and Research Productivity of Educators. Universal Journal of Educational Research 7.8 (2019) 1734 – 1743. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2019.070812.
  18. Gudea, S. F. W. (2005). Online teaching as experienced by teachers: A grounded theory perspective (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). The Claremont Graduate University.
  19. Lichoro, D. M. (2015). Faculty readiness for transition to teaching online courses in the Iowa Community College Online Consortium (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Iowa State University, Iowa.
  20. Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. Retrieved from https://www.uky.edu/~eushe2/Bandura/Bandura1994EHB.pdf on May 2, 2021.
  21. Bates, T. The 2017 national survey of online learning in Canadian post-secondary education: methodology and results. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 15, 29 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-018-0112-3
  22. Beldiga, M. & Banari, V. (2019). The role of computers in teaching-learing process. Retrieved May 6, 2021 from http://www.mce.su/
  23. Chen, C. and Jones, K. (2007, January). Blended Learning vs. Traditional Classroom Settings: Assessing Effectiveness and Student Perceptions in an MBA Accounting Course [Electronic version]. The Journal of Educators Online. Vol. 4. No. 1.
  24. Phan, T. T. N. & Dang, L. L. T. (2017). Teacher Readiness for Online Teaching: A Critical Review. Paper was presented at the 30th Annual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities held at Crowne Plaza Manila Galleria, Manila, Philippines on 27 October 2016.
  25. Downing, J. J. & Dyment, J. E. (2013). Teacher Educators’ Readiness, Preparation, and Perceptions of Preparing Preservice Teachers in a Fully Online Environment: An Exploratory Study. Retrieved May 6, 2021 from https://www.tandfonline.com.
  26. Eastin, M. A., & LaRose, R. (2000). Internet self-efficacy and the psychology of the digital divide. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 6(1). http://jcmc.indiana.edu/ vol6/issue1/eastin.html
  27. Emmanuel, W. (2020, April 23). Online learning in the time of COVID19: A Computer Science Educator’s Point of View. https://arete.ateneo.edu/connect/
  28. Gay, G. (2016). An assessment of online instructor e-learning readiness before, during, and after course delivery. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12528-016-9115- z
  29. Horbitz, B., Beach, A., Anderson, M., & Xia, J. (2014). Examination of Faculty Self-efficacy Related to Online Teaching. Innovative Higher Education. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/269468181
  30. Kim, Y., & Glassman, M. (2013). Beyond search and communication: Development and validation of the internet self-efficacy scale (ISS). Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1421-1429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.01.018
  31. Malay Mail (2020). Higher Education Ministry gives go-ahead for e-learning. https://www.malaymail.com/news/malaysia/2020/03/20/higher-education-ministry gives-go-ahead-for-e-learning/1848557 accessed on 24 March 2020.
  32. Manila Standard (2021). Flipped and Blended Learning: The new normal classroom set-up. Retrieved from https://manilastandard.net/ on May 2, 2021.
  33. Martin, F. Budhrani, K., and Wang, C. (2019). Examining Faculty Perception of Their Readiness to Teach Online. Online Learning Journal, 23 (2019) https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1228799.pdf
  34. McGovern, G. (2004, June). Teaching Online vs, Face-to-Face. [Electronic version]. CLENExchange, Meaning of pedagogical approaches. Retrieved from https://www.igi-global.com/dictionary/pedagogical-approach/22146 on May 1, 2021.
  35. Meaning of status. Retrieved from www.dictionary.com/readiness on May 1, 2021.
  36. Shailendra, P., Prageet A., Parul G., Diptiranjan, M., Ratri, P., Rosner, R., & Sindhi, S. (2018) Online Education: Worldwide Status, Challenges, Trends, and Implications, Journal of Global Information Technology Management, 21:4, 233-241, DOI: 10.1080/1097198X.2018.1542262
  37. Teaching College Courses Online vs Face-to-Face, (2001, April 1) The Journal Digital Edition, Retrieved September 26, 2020 from http://thejournal.com/
  38. The Sunday Daily. (2020). Users in many areas face connectivity issue while Malaysia moves into 5G era. Retrieved on 17 April 2021 from https://www.thesundaily.my/local/users-in-many-areas-face-connectivity-issue-while-malaysia-moves-into-5g-era-HJ1856458
  39. DepEd Order No. 12, series of 2020. The Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan in the Time of COVID-19. Retrieved from www.deped.gov.ph
  40. DepEd Order No. 78, s. 2010. Guidelines on the Implementation of DepEd Computerization Program. Retrieved May 6, 2021 from www.deped.gov.ph
  41. Newsletter of American Library Association Continuing Education Network & Exchange Roundtable. Vol. 20 No. 4.
  42. Learning Spiral (2021). 84% of teachers facing challenges during online classes: Survey. Retrieved from https://www.indiatoday.in/ on May 2, 2021.

For Conference & Paper Publication​

UIJRT Publication - International Journal