UIJRT » United International Journal for Research & Technology

Levels of Technology Integration of MARHS HUMSS Faculty in Blended Learning Using SAMR Framework: A Basis for an Enhancement Program

Total Views / Downloads: 84 

Cite ➜

Cuayzon, M.L.C., 2021. Levels of Technology Integration of MARHS HUMSS Faculty in Blended Learning Using SAMR Framework: A Basis for an Enhancement Program. United International Journal for Research & Technology (UIJRT), 2(8), pp.138-148.


The study was intended to identify the levels of technology integration of MARHS Senior High School HUMSS faculty during the conduct of the blended modular learning. The action research was a descriptive study where it determined and identified the level of familiarity of MARHS HUMSS faculty to different online applications and the levels of technology integration using SAMR model. The most appropriate conceptual tool to identify the level of integration is the SAMR Model developed in 2010 by Dr. Ruben Puentedura. This model was used to determine the levels of technology integration of the teachers. The study involved five HUMSS Senior High School Teachers of Manuel A. Roxas High School as the subject of the research which were identified through purposive sampling technique. They were asked to answer the survey through Google Forms since physical or face to face interaction is still prohibited. The actual administration of the research took place on the second semester of the School Year 2020-2021. The study was done at Manuel A. Roxas High School, Paco, Manila. Researcher-made structured survey was developed to gather the desired data. The survey-questionnaire was validated by the Master Teachers of Manuel A. Roxas Senior High School.  This study revealed the varied compositions of the respondents with different teaching experience and mastery of handling different subjects. The findings discovered that the teachers manifested high level of familiarity with the following:  MS word, in in lecture or note taking, online websites like Academia, Britannica Encyclopedia, and National Geographic in research works, PowerPoint presentation in lesson discussion/ presentation, and Google Forms, Facebook Messenger Polls, and PDF Reader in assessment activities. In terms of the level of integration using SAMR Model, Google Classroom, Edmodo, Schoology, Facebook Groups were the most integrated applications in lecture or note taking activities. It was also in the level of Redefinition. The most commonly integrated applications were Stanford, Britannica, Khan Academy, and other educational video recordings platforms, PDF, and the traditional modules provided by the school in terms of research works. The levels of integration demonstrated by the teachers were Substitution, Augmentation, and Modification. PowerPoint Presentations, Prezi, and other similar presentation, and YouTube were used in lesson presentation where they were identified in levels of Substitution and Augmentation. In assessment activities, the teachers frequently integrated Google Forms which can be found in the level of Augmentation. For consistency of the level of technology integration, an enhancement program was proposed based from the findings or results of the study.

Keywords: Blended Learning, Integration, SAMR Framework, Technology


  1. Allan M Jones (2003) The use and abuse of PowerPoint in Teaching and Learning in the Life Sciences: A Personal Overview, Bioscience Education, 2:1, 1-13, DOI: 10.3108/beej.2003.02000004
  2. Dowell, D. J., & Small, F. A. (2011). What Is the Impact of Online Resource Materials on Student Self-Learning Strategies? Journal of Marketing Education, 33(2), 140–148. https://doi.org/10.1177/0273475311410846
  3. Fakeye, D. (2021). Teachers’ Qualification and Subject Mastery as Predictors of Achievement in English Language in Ibarapapa Division of Oyo State. Global Journal of HUMAN SOCIAL SCIENCE, 12(3). https://globaljournals.org/GJHSS_Volume12/1-Teacher-Qualification-and-Subject-Mastery.pdf
  4. https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/5cf97c34-3545-457a-9651-8583fd929b2
  5. Katherine McKnight, Kimberly O’Malley, Roxanne Ruzic, Maria Kelly Horsley, John J. Franey & Katherine Bassett (2016): Teaching in a Digital Age: How Educators Use Technology to Improve Student Learning, Journal of Research on Technology in Education, DOI: 10.1080/15391523.2016.1175856
  6. Kapur, V. (2015). Third 21st CAF Conference. Teacher Education in the Age of Technology, 6(1). https://www.21caf.org/uploads/1/3/5/2/13527682/14_kapur.pdf
  7. Petersen, Christina I., and Kristen S. Gorman. “Strategies to Address Common Challenges When Teaching in an Active Learning Classroom.” Wiley Online Library. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, March 5, 2014. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/tl.20086.
  8. Puentedura, Ruben. “Integrating Technology into Your Classroom with the SAMR Model.” StarTime Studios, March 8, 2018. https://startime.com.au/blog/2018/03/07/integrating-technology-classroom-samr-model/.
  9. Salehi, H. (2019, March 10). Impacts of Using Microsoft Word (MS) Software on Iranian EFL Lecturers’ Grammar Knowledge. International Journal of Research in English Education. http://ijreeonline.com/article-1-117-en.html
  10. Sari, Erni & Usman, Usman & Hakim, Abdul. (2020). Effectiveness of Using Google Forms in the Problem Based Learning Model to Increase the Critical Thinking Ability of High School Students. 10.2991/assehr.k.200417.002.
  11. Schneiter, K. (2010). Preparing teachers to use Technology: Considerations from a capstone mathematics and technology course. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 10(4). https://citejournal.org/volume-10/issue-4-10/current-practice/preparing-teachers-to-use-technology-considerations-from-a-capstone-mathematics-and-technology-course
  12. “SAMR Model: A Practical Guide for EdTech Integration.” Schoology. Accessed June 16, 2021. https://www.schoology.com/blog/samr-model-practical-guide-edtech-integration.
  13. Tomlinson, C. (2003). Fulfilling the Promise of the Differentiated Classroom: Strategies and Tools for Responsive Teaching. Virginia: ASCD.

For Conference & Paper Publication​

UIJRT Publication - International Journal