UIJRT » United International Journal for Research & Technology

Attitudes Toward HIV/AIDS Among Secondary School Students in Bangladesh

Papia Sultana, China Rani Mittra, Arifa Sultana, Ashees Kumar Saha and Sazzad Hossain
Keywords: Attitude, HIV/AIDS, Secondary School, Students, Bangladesh.

Cite ➜

Sultana, P., Mittra, C.R., Sultana, A., Saha, A.K. and Hossain, S., 2020. Attitudes Toward HIV/AIDS Among Secondary School Students in Bangladesh. United International Journal for Research & Technology (UIJRT), 2(2), pp.93-100.


HIV is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. If HIV is not treated, it can lead to AIDS. There is currently no effective cure. Purpose: The purpose of the study is to assess the attitude regarding HIV/AIDS among Secondary School Students in Bangladesh. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional design. Using convenient sampling technique 120 adolescent were recruited from two Govt. High Schools at Dhaka city. A self-structured questionnaire (1) Demographic Questionnaires, (2) Secondary School Students Attitude regarding HIV/AIDS Questionnaires were used to collect the data. Data analysis using SPSS version 22. The Secondary School Students age was ≤ 15 (74.16%) and ≥ 16 (25.84%). Secondary School Students possess positive attitude in this study. Highest five strongly agree Statement was HIV/AIDS is a threatening illness among adolescent age group 79.2%, It is necessary to learn about HIV/AIDS in school 71.7%, I can protect myself from HIV/AIDS obeying religious rules 68.3%, I will empathetic to person HIV/AIDS 65.8% and I can protect myself from HIV/AIDS by maintaining moral commitment 62.5%. This study findings, students had a positive level of attitudes regarding AIDS. Based on the study result school can provide HIV/AIDS topic in their curriculum to improved attitude. Students had positive level of attitude on HIV/AIDS infection as well as prevention methods were showed in this study. That the Ministry of Education implements awareness creation on the Infection, transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS in secondary schools.


  1. 2017 Global HIV statistics. 2018. Retrieved from http://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_ asset/UNAIDS_FactSheet_en.pdf
  2. Agenda for Zero Discrimination in Health Care. 2016. Retrieved from http:// www. unaids.org/en/resources/documents/2016/Agenda- zero discrimination-healthcare
  3. Fennie T, Laas A. HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and risky sexual behaviour among a sample of South African university students. Gender and Behaviour. 2014 Jan 1;12(1):6035-44.
  4. Eliminating Discrimination in Health Care. 2016. Retrieved from http://www.unaids. Org/en/resources/documents/2016/eliminating- discrimination-in-health-care
  5. The Well Project. Stigma and Discrimination against Women Living with HIV. 2016. Retrieved from http:// www.thewellproject.org/hiv-information/stigma-and- discrimination-against-women-living-hiv
  6. Stangl AL, Lloyd JK, Brady LM, Holland CE, Baral S. A systematic review of interventions to reduce HIV- related stigma and discrimination from 2002 to 2013: how far have we come?. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2013 Nov;16:18734.
  7. Health and Development Networks and Global Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS. Breaking the Cycle: Can the Stigma of HIV/AIDS ever be Eradicated. 2004. Retrieved from http://www.hdnet.org/library/ Kampala_no%20cover.pdf
  8. Saki M, Kermanshahi SM, Mohammadi E, Mohraz M. Perception of patients with HIV/AIDS from stigma and discrimination. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2015 Jun;17(6).
  9. Foreman M, Lyra P, Breinbauer C. Understanding and responding to HIV/AIDS-related stigma and stigma-discrimination in the health sector.2003. Retrieved from http://www.paho.org/English/AD/ FCH/AI/Stigma_report_english.pdf
  10. International Council of Nurses. Reducing the impact of HIV/AIDS on nursing & midwifery personnel. International Council of Nurses (ICN), Geneva. 2006. Retrieved from http://www.icn.ch/images/stories/documents/publications/guidelines/guideline_reducing_AIDS.pdf
  11. Stigma and Discrimination. 2016. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/msmhealth/stigma-and- discrimination.html
  12. UNAIDS AIDS info. Regional data: Asia and the Pacific. UNAIDS AIDS info; 2018. Available at https://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/ asia and pacific.
  13. Report on HIV in Asia and the Pacific. UNAIDS; 2013. Available at http://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_asset/2013_HIV-Asia-Pacific_ en_0.pdf.
  14. Alonzo AA, Reynolds NR. Stigma, HIV and AIDS: an exploration and elaboration of a stigma trajectory. Soc Sci Med. 1995;41(3):303–15.
  15. HIV in the who eastern Mediterranean region. EMRO; 2017. Available at http://www.emro.who.int/pdf/asd/about/hiv-situation-region.pdf?ua=1.
  16. Farid R, Choudhry AJ. Knowledge about HIV/AIDS infection among female college students. Europe PubMed Central. 2003;13(3):135–7.
  17. Maswanya E, Moji K, Aoyagi K, Yahata Y, Kusano Y, Nagata K, Izumi T. Knowledge and attitudes towards AIDS among female college students in Nagasaki. Jpn Health Educ Res. 2000;15(1):5–11.
  18. MacQuarrie K, Eckhaus T, Nyblade L. HIV-related stigma and discrimination: a summary of recent literature. UNAIDS Geneva. 2009; Available at http:// data.unaids.org/pub/report/2009/20091130_stigmasummary_en.pdf.
  19. Ekstrand ML, Bharat S, Ramakrishna J, Heylen E. Blame, symbolic stigma and HIV misconceptions are associated with support for coercive measures in urban India. AIDS Behav. 2012;16(3):700–10.
  20. Steward WT, Herek GM, Ramakrishna J, Bharat S, Chandy S, Wrubel J, Ekstrand ML. HIV-related stigma: adapting a theoretical framework for use in India. Soc Sci Med. 2008;67(8):1225–35.
  21. Uddin, A., Isaramalai, S. A., Thassari, J., & Student, R. M. (2014). Knowledge and Attitude regarding HIV/AIDS Prevention among Adolescents in Bangladesh.
  22. Chaudhary, P., Solanki, J., Yadav, O. P., Yadav, P., Joshi, P., & Khan, M. (2016). Knowledge and attitude about human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among higher secondary school students of Jaipur city: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry14(2), 202.
  23. Mulu, W., Abera, B., & Yimer, M. (2014). Knowledge, attitude and practices on Mwamwenda, T. S. (2014). African University Students’s Gender Differences in HIV/AIDS Knowledge. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences5(27 P1), 432.
  24. Bounbouly T, Rashid M H, Kasuya H, Sakamoto J; Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among male high school students in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (2013) ournal of the International AIDS Society 16(1):17387.
Scroll to Top